In recent times there has been much (perhaps too much) talk about artificial intelligence and the role that this broad class of digital applications now has, and may have in the near future, both in our private lives and in the spheres of sociality and work. However, little has been said yet about the relationship we can, and more importantly should, have with these kinds of machines, so that they can improve the ways we learn, communicate and collaborate and the outcomes of these activities. We often talk about the contrast between us and machines: how they are already able to replace us in certain repetitive tasks and how in other complex tasks they perform even better than we do, even in such sensitive areas as evaluating, judging and interpreting complex situations (for example, in medical diagnosis). We can then ask what is the "right distance" to keep between us and machines, and what are the best ways to design these systems so that they are factors in human development and tools for the expression and promotion of various kinds of intelligence, in addition to rationality alone.
Federico Cabitza, an interactionist computer engineer, is Associate Professor of Human-Computer Interaction and Human & Artificial Intelligence Interaction at the University of Milan Bicocca, where he also teaches Information Systems and Interaction Design and is head of the Uncertainty Modelling, Decisions and Interactions Laboratory. On staff at the Centre for Medical Artificial Intelligence at IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, he collaborates with numerous hospitals and IRCCSs (including San Raffaele, Multimedica, Gaetano Pini). He works on decision support design and the evaluation of the impact of these systems in organisational and clinical settings. He is the author of more than 140 scientific papers including journal, international conference documents and series. He wrote the book "Artificial Intelligence" for Bompiani, Milan (2021) alongside Luciano Floridi.